However, the decision to allow such local management efforts should be based on the capability of communities to effectively enforce their local rules and manage the forest to prevent over-utilization, degradation and conversion to other land uses. Moreover, such community rights should not involve full ownership of the forest but be in the form of user rights.
March 12, 2007
Mangroves, local communities and the environmental economist
Edward B. Barbier discusses the preservation and replanting of mangroves in the blog of the Ecological Society of America. He advocates eliminating perverse government incentives - such as preferential loans, and subsidies for larvae, chemicals and machines - that favor conversion of mangroves to shrimp farms. He also advocates granting some property rights over mangroves to local communities. These communities do not currently share in the direct monetary benefits of mangrove conversion by the shrimp, wood chip and tourism industries, and lose their opportunities of harvesting fish, wood, and other products from mangroves. But Barbier wants local management of mangroves as long as it leads to Barbier's preferred use of the mangroves: